The Communist Party of Nepal is also commonly known as CPN-UML or CPN (UML). It is the Unified Marxist-Leninist. With a large number of members, the party is one of the largest existing communist parties of Nepal. This communist party was formed in the year 1991 on January 6. The party was formed by the unification of two parties –the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist). After the people’s movement or the Jana Andolan where along with Nepali congress, the communist parties took major part in the establishment of constitutional democracy.
The ideology of this party traces back to the leader Comrade Madan Bhandari who, on the basis of the state of history and the then state of the class struggle propounded a theory. People cannot be a part of the globe and gain rights unless the state has people leading the state. Also, people’s participation is more essential than people with arms. Arms revolution is the second most crucial factor to the ability and the right for people to cast vote for and in communist parties. The communist parties should be allegedly be a part of people’s lives.
The general convention held in February of 2009 of the CPN(UML) was the 8th convention. The Central office-bearers were voted in that convention according to which Jhala Nath Khanal was the chairman, Bidhya Bhandari and Bam Dev Gautam were the Vice-chairs, Iswar Pokharel was the General Secretary and the other Secreteries were Shankar Pokharel, Yubaraj Gyawali and Bishnu Poudel. The party agreed with many other parties and hence left the Maoist-led government which responded to sack Rookmangud Katawal, the then Army Chief. Jhala Nath Khanal, the chairman of the UML party was elected as the Prime Minister with the support of the UCPN Maoists in 2011. They secured a total vote of 368 out of total 601 seats in the Constituent Assembly.
The CPN or the UML party in the past played a great role in negotiation and bringing the Maoists for it. The party supports and advocated the leftist attitude. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) put forward a proposal for electoral alliances which was rejected by the UML party in the Constituent Assembly election of 2008. The party decided to run in the constituencies which led to their failure as they were unable to secure a single spot in Kathmandu district alone. Also, the defeat of the General Secretary Madhav Kumar Nepal by the member of CPN-Jhakku Prasad Subedi came as a great shock for the party. The CPN secured 103 seats out of the total 575 seats and let the government right after the election was ended.