The Unified Communist Party of Nepal which is also commonly known as the Maoist party or the UCPN(M) is one of the political parties of Nepal. The chairman of this party is Pushpa Kamal Dahal who is commonly known as Prachanda among the locals. Pushpa Kamal Dahal along with his other friends found this party in the year 1994 and he leads the overall happenings of this particular party. UCPN(M) was known by the name Communist Party of Nepal (Maosit) which after the unification with another party known as the Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal) gained its present name. The unification of these two parties and the formation of the name UCPN(M) took place in January of the year 2009.
Under the slogan: ‘Let us march ahead on the path of struggle towards establishing the people’s rule by wreaking the reactionary ruling system of state’, the party declared People’s war on 13th February in the year 1996. They believe in Mao Zedong and his theories and hence follow his proclamation that says ‘Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun’. Taking this into consideration, Maiosts claimed to establish People’s Democracy in Nepal. They are also inspired by the left wing guerrilla movement in Peru, communist parties existing in different parts of the world and the ‘Revolutionary Internationalist Movement’.
In 1996, Nepalese government which was presented by the then Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, failed to respond to the proposal presented by the Maoist party. The Maoist party then provided with a memorandum with 40 demands which were clearly related to nationalism, livelihood, and democracy which supported of the formation of a new constitution abolishing the royal ruling and rights and also the ending of the treaty with India-the Mahakali Treaty.
During the elections held on April 10, 2008 which for the Nepalese Constituent Assembly with a number of voters that was estimated to be of around 17.5 million, Maoist party was a very strong candidate. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) were voted by 220 out of the 575 seats elected and hence were in the first place of the election. The Constituent Assembly consisted of now the largest party-UCPN(M). the chairman of this party was also elected as the Prime Minister of Nepal in 2008. The Maoist party then owned 239 seats out of the total seats in the Constituent Assembly.
UCPN Maoist is a strong candidate in the election that is going to be held in Nov-Dec 2013.