Dolpa - History

Dolpa is the largest district of Nepal covering 5.36% of total landmass of the country. Located between 28°24’ N - 29°43’ N latitude, and 82°24’ E - 83°38’ E longitude, the elevation in Dolpa ranges from 1,525 to 7,625 meters above sea level. The district borders Tibet ( China) in the north and northeast, Jumla and Mugu districts of Karnali in the west, Myagdi, Jajarkot and Rukum in the south and Mustang in the East.
A large portion of the district is protected by Shey Phoksundo National Park. The name is derived from a 12th century Shey Monastery and the deepest lake in Nepal, the Phoksundo Lake, both of which lie in the district. The park protects endangered animals like the snow leopard, musk deer and the tibetan wolf. Shey Phoksundo is the largest and the only trans-Himalayan National Park in Nepal.
It is also one of the two districts that lie beyond the Himalaya or the trans-Himalaya,Mustang being the other.
Dolpa region is distant region of Nepal and the central point of this area is Shey Phoksumdo National Park. The east and south of dolpa is surrounded by the Dhaulagiri and Churen Himal ranges and to the west by Jumla district. Trekking to Lower Dolpa offer you the remarkable and advisable experience of lifetime. The notable figure seen here are clean and tidy snowy peaks, ancient and remote villages, rich wildlife, reliable Buddhist monastery and wonderful lakes. The people of this area are simple and warm-hearted with enthralling culture and traditions. The cultural traditions of this area are basically linked with Tibetan.
Trekking into this dolpa region presents an exposure to the High & remote Himalayan valleys, resembling the Tibetan highlands. The main highlight of this dolpa trekking includes “Shey Phoksundo National Park” which is the major National Parks of Nepal. “Shey Phoksundo Lake” is another famous factor of this region. The lake is totally free of aqua life, which the crystal waters clearly explain. Surrounded by rock, forests, and snow- capped peaks, the area has been described as one of the World's “Natural Hidden Wonders”.
The dolpa trekking starts at “Juphal” and follows the track to “Dunai”, then continue to “Tarakot”, way up to “Bang la” Camp, the uppermost point of this dolpa trekking, after passing through the “Sanu Bheri” village, we then descend to the good-looking “Phoksundo” Lake, which is a piece of the “Shey Phoksundo National Park”.
The dolpa district located totally on the trans-Himalayan area of Nepal and borders Mustang on the east, Myagdi, Rukum and Jajarkot in the south and Jumla and Mugu districts on the west, and the Tibet region of China on the north.
The district distances an altitudinal range of over 5,000 meters from a little over 1,500 meters at Tribeni in Kalika VDC to 7,381 meters at the peak of Churen Himal. Kanjiroba (6221m), Mukot (6638m) and Putha Hiunchuli (7246m) are other renowned peaks.
Physiographical the smaller ranges of the Great Himalayas comprise the southern border of the district. Between these and the border mountain ranges of Gautam Himal and Kanti Himal to the north Dolpa district is a labyrinth of often wide glacial valleys and ridges. Kanjiroba Himal and Kagmara Lekh running north-west to south-east separate the valleys of the Jagdula in the west with the rest of the district.
Dolpa occupy 7889 sq. km. area and it’s headquarters is dunai and . Approximately dolpa’s population is 29545. Most of the people are hindu (60%) , Buddhist(40%) – including 505% ancient Bonpo Religion . Dolpa region is in the hight of 1525 m from sea level up to 7754 variation. Dolpas major occupation is agriculture (79.5%) and service (2%) . Dolpa’s climate is cold between 7000 – 13000 feet.

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