Before its own identity as an independent district, it used to be in the district of Dailekh. Surkhet is hub to remote districts like Dailekh, Kaalikot, Jumla, Mugu, Jajarkot, and Salyan. Recently because of insurgency, many people have migrated to Surkhet from these districts. The majority of the people are Brahmin and Chettris, and there are minorities which are Newar, Magar, Tharu, Sunaar, and Kaami. Eighty percent of the people are Hindu. Others are Buddhists, Christians, and Muslims. Infrastructure Surkhet is accessible by air service and roads from various parts of the country. Ratna highway links it to the rest of Nepal. Karnali Highway, recently constructed and being black topped, will link Surkhet to the remote Western region Karnali. An air service connects Surkhet to Kathmandu, Nepalgunj, Jumla and several other districts. There are three colleges which provide education up to Master's level. There are many 10+2 which teach science, management, humanities, rural development, education etc. There are various institutions which provide technical education like veterinary, overseer, computer assistant, assistant health worker, ANM, etc. A university is proposed to be constructed in surkhet valley which will provide cheap and quality education to people in this region. It has a regional hospital which provides basic medication for its people. The main occupation is farming. There are many NGOs and INGOs working in this area for development. The INF Surkhet Programme is one of the oldest organizations working in the health and development sector. There are other INGOs like GTZ, DFID, DANIDA, US Aid, Oxfam.